The Northwoods

The Northwoods region includes 64 million acres spanning northern Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Michigan

Forests and other ecosystems in this region provide important cultural, economic, and environmental benefits. Warmer and more variable conditions are already having an impact on the region’s forests, including increasing damage from extreme precipitation events and insect pests. Future changes could dramatically alter the Northwoods landscape.

Vulnerability Assessments

Vulnerability assessments describe climate change risks and opportunities for forests under a range of future climate scenarios. For each assessment we used two global climate models, three forest impact models, hundreds of scientific papers, and forest manager expertise were combined to assess the effects of climate change on forest ecosystems. More than 30 scientists and forest managers contributed to each assessment.

We developed three vulnerability assessments for this region

Northern Minnesota
Vulnerability Assessment | Summary & Highlights

Northern Wisconsin/Western Upper Michigan 
Vulnerability Assessment | Summary & Highlights

Northern Lower Michigan/Eastern Upper Michigan
Vulnerability Assessment | Summary & Highlights

Work with us

The vulnerability assessment provides critical information about how climate change is expected to affect this region and serves as a starting point for other Framework activities.

Featured Resources

Climate Change Projections for Tree Species

The region's forests will be affected by a changing climate during this century, but individual tree species will respond uniquely to climate change, depending on their particular silvics and ecological tolerances. These handouts summarize general climate change projections for tree species across the region based on future projections. The general trends derived from these models can be combined with local knowledge and management experience to judge risk on a particular site.

Check out the Climate Change Field Guide for Northern Minnesota Forests